LMIA is a labour market verification process in which Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC) evaluates a job offer to guarantee that hiring a foreign worker will not negatively impact the Canadian labour market. Employers will be obliged to give a variety of information regarding the job for which they wish to hire a foreign worker, such as the number of Canadians who applied, the number of Canadians who were interviewed, and thorough explanations for why the Canadian workers considered were not hired.
An employer in Canada may be required to obtain a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) before recruiting a foreign worker.
A positive LMIA indicates that a foreign worker is required to fill the position. It will also reveal that there is no Canadian worker or permanent resident who is qualified for the position. A confirmation lette is a term used to describe a positive LMIA.
A Labour Market Impact Assessment is normally required for programmes that allow foreigners to reside and work in Canada on a temporary basis (LMIA).
Although some foreign workers are exempt from requiring an LMIA, all streams of the Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP), as well as various other immigration programmes that allow applicants to claim points for working in Canada, require LMIAs.